social network | computing | Britannica

P2P, in full peer-to-peer, type of computer network often used for the distribution of digital media files. In a peer-to-peer (P2P) network, each computer acts as both a server and a client—supplying and receiving files—with bandwidth and processing distributed among all members of the network. Such a decentralized network uses resources more efficiently than a traditional network and is less vulnerable to systemic failure. P2P networks are used by Bluetooth-powered electronics and Internet-based communication services, but development has largely been driven by online file sharing. P2P file sharing was introduced to the general public in 1999 when American college student

Source: social network | computing | Britannica

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